NAICS 54171

What is the NAICS code 54171?

The NAICS code 54171 is applied to those industries related to Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences.

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in conducting research and experimental development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences, such as agriculture, electronics, environmental, biology, botany, biotechnology, computers, chemistry, food, fisheries, forests, geology, health, mathematics, medicine, nanotechnology, oceanography, pharmacy, physics, veterinary, and other allied subjects.

Therefore, all companies engaged in any industrial activity related to this type of business are grouped under category 54171 in the North American Industry Classification System.

This industrial activity of NAICS code is structured as follows:

Characteristics of the North American Industry Classification System code 54171


This NAICS code is used in the trilateral agreement of the three members of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): United States, Canada, and Mexico.

Related codes

The NAICS industry 54171 has the following cross-references:

  • Creating and developing industrial designs and specifications that optimize the use, value, and appearance of automobiles, furniture, and other products are classified in Industry 54142, Industrial Design Services.
  • Laboratory animal production (e.g., guinea pigs, mice, rats) are classified in Industry 11299, All Other Animal Production.
  • Manufacturing products (e.g., apparel, electronic equipment, automotive equipment) using nanomaterials are classified in Sector 31-33, Manufacturing, according to the process of the specific product made.
  • Manufacturing vaccines, toxoids, blood fractions, and culture media of plant or animal origin (except diagnostic use) and/or uncompounded medicinal chemicals and their derivatives (i.e., enzyme proteins and antibiotics for pharmaceutical use) are classified in Industry 32541, Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing.
  • Providing medical laboratory testing for humans are classified in Industry 62151, Medical and Diagnostic Laboratories.
  • Providing physical, chemical, or other analytical testing services (except medical or veterinary), such as acoustics or vibration testing, calibration testing, electrical and electronic testing, geotechnical testing, mechanical testing, nondestructive testing, or thermal testing are classified in Industry 54138, Testing Laboratories and Services.
  • Providing veterinary testing services are classified in Industry 54194, Veterinary Services.
  • Raising funds for health related research are classified in Industry 81321, Grantmaking and Giving Services.

Related activities

Below are some of the most common types of activities in the Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences industry (NAICS Code 54171).

  • Nanobiotechnologies research and experimental development laboratories
  • Nanotechnology research and development laboratories or services, all fields of science

NAICS 54171

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